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Fact Sheet – Azerbaijan (2014)

Official name Republic of Azerbaijan
Area 86,600 km2
Population 9.59 million [ as on January 2015]  Population growth rate: 1.2 %
Main languages Azerbaijani
Literacy Definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 99.8%

male: 99.9%

female: 99.7% (2010 Census)

Capital Baku (Population   2.18 Million)
Main Cities Baku, Ganja, Sumgait
Average Life Expectancy Total 74.2 years: Male: 71.6 years & Female: 76.8 years [ 2014 ]
Administrative & Territorial Divisions 70
Religion Shia Muslim: 70%, Sunni Muslim: 23%, Russian Orthodox: 2.5%, Armenian Orthodox: 2.3%,others: 1.8%
National Day 28th May [Republic Day]; 18 October [Independence Day]
Establishment of diplomatic relations 28 February, 1992
Major ports Baku International Marine Trade Port, Ports and Harbors: Baku, Lenkoran, Dubandi.
Climate  Subtropical
Temperature The average annual temperature is 14–15 °C (57–59 °F) in the Kur-Araz Lowland, the coastal regions south to the Apsheron Peninsula, and in the Lenkoran Lowland. The temperature declines with proximity to the mountains, averaging 4–5 °C (39–41 °F) at an altitude of 2,000 meters (6,600 ft), and 1–2 °C (34–36 °F) at 3,000 meters (9,800 ft).
Type of Government Presidential democracy with a directly elected President, who has a five year term. The Government is headed by a Prime Minister who has a Council of Ministers. The Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers are appointed by the President.
Head of State H.E. Mr Ilham Aliyev, President of the Republic of Azerbaijan   www.prezident.az
Prime Minister H.E. Mr Artur Raisizadeh
Chairman of National Assembly H.E. Mr. Ogtay Asadov
Speaker  H.E. Mr Ogtay Asadov
Foreign Minister  H.E. Mr Elmar   Mammadyarov ; www.mfa.gov.az
Finance Minister H.E. Mr Samir Sharifov
Defence Minister  H.E. Zakir Hasanov
Economy and IndustryMinister H.E. Mr. Shahin   Mustafayev; www.economy.gov.az
Energy Minister H.E. Mr. Natig   Aliyev
Ecology and Natural Resources Minister       H.E. Huseyngulu Baghirov, Co-Chairman of the India-Azerbaijan Inter-Governmental Commission on Trade, Economic and Technological Cooperation. Indian Co-Chairman is the Minister of State for Commerce
Main Political Parties Yeni Azerbaijan [President Aliyev`s party]; Azerbaijani Popular Front; National Independence Party; Musavat Party.
Legislature Unicameral 125 member Milli Mejlis [National Assembly]
Last elections October, 2013 [Presidential]; November 2010 [National Assembly]
Next elections due October, 2018 [Presidential], November, 2015 [National Assembly.]
National Holidays New Year’s Day, Martyrs’ Day, International Women’s Day, Novruz holiday, Victory Day, Republic Day, National Salvation Day, Azerbaijan Armed Forces Day, Flag Day, International Solidarity Day, Ramadan holiday, Sacrifice Feast.
Member of regional/ multilateral institutions & organizations UN, World Bank, IMF, WHO, IOC, World Tourism Organization, WCO, ICJ; OIC, PACE, OSCE, GUAM-ODED, TRACECA, etc.


The Constitution of Azerbaijan was adopted on 12 November 1995 by popular referendum and amended on 24 August 2002. It carries the “highest legal force” in Azerbaijan as per article 147
GDP AZN 58.98 billion /US $ 75.61 billion [ 2014]
GDP growth rate


2.8 % [2014]
Total Foreign Investment

 Main investors

AZN 4.88 billion / US$ 6.23 billion (2014)

UK, Norway, Japan Turkey, France.

Foreign trade US$ 31.016 billion (2014)
Trade partners         Italy Germany, Indonesia, Russian, Israel, Turkey, France,  USA,  Great­Britain  and Thailand.
Unemployment rate   5%
Poverty rate 5%
Currency/ Monetary Unit AZN (Manat)
Exchange Rate US$ 1.00 = 1.05 MANATS [end February 2015]
Forex reserves US $ 54 billion (2014)
Debt      Foreign debt : US$ 6.478 Billion [2014]
Total Imports  US$ 9.187 billion [2014]
Total Exports US$ 21.828 billion [2014]
Imports from India



US$ 37 million [2014]

Mainly cars, components of hot roll machinary or mechanical appliances, meat, drugs, human vaccine, black tea, parts of airconditioners, Polyethylene terephthalate, other food stuff, Drilling pipes from ferrous metals, cards and intellectual cards, rice, Tobacco leaf, Metal constructions from ferrous metals,Tooth Brushes, Quartizite, Static converters, etc.

(Source: State Statistical Committee of Azerbaijan)

Exports to India US$ 778 million [2014 ]                                                                                       Mainly crude oil , oil coke, Iodine,Cattle skins, other unwrought lead, jet fuel, and components of earth-moving and tunneling machines

(Source: State Statistical Committee of Azerbaijan)

Bilateral trade Total trade turnover US $ 815 million [ 2014]
Principal Exports

[all countries]

Mineral products [oil, gas etc.]; lubricants; chemicals; fermented tobacco; cotton yarn & fibre; machinery; electro-technical domestic appliances; and machines.
Principal Imports

[all countries]

Electro-technical domestic appliances and machines; vegetable products; food products; misc. articles made of base metal; motor-vehicles; ferrous & non-ferrous metals; pharmaceuticals & consumer goods; chemicals; and cigarettes
Inflation 1.4 % [2014]
VAT 18%
Railways/ Highways 2,932 kms and 59,141 kms, respectively.
Central Bank             National Bank of Azerbaijan

Chairman: Mr. Elman RUSTAMOV

R.Behbudov Str, 32,   AZ-1014 Baku,

Tel: 493 11 22, 493 55 41, Website: www.nba.az

Industries Petroleum and Natural gas, petroleum products, oilfield equipment; steel, iron ore; cement; chemicals and petrochemicals; textiles
Agriculture Cash Crops, grapes, cotton, tobacco, citrus fruits, and vegetables.
Natural Resources Petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, nonferrous metals, bauxite
Major Universities     Baku State University. Azerbaijan State Economic University, Azerbaijan State University of Language, Baku Music Academy, Azerbaijan State Technical University, Azerbaijan Oil Academy.
Location Azerbaijan is in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia, straddling Western Asia and Eastern Europe. It lies between latitudes 38° and 42° N, and longitudes 44° and 51° E.
Scientific Institutions     Azerbaijan State University of Languages, Baku

State Medical University, Baku,

State Economic University, Baku

Azerbaijan State Academy of Sciences, Baku

Khazar University, Baku [Private]

Baku State University, Baku

Major Tourist attractions Baku is on the Caspian Sea coast. It has a relatively modern international airport & provides direct air flights to many cities of the world. Significantly Baku also has splendid sandy beaches and gentle sloping sea bottom which attracts tourists.


Places of tourist attractions are:

– Palace of Shirvanshahs and the Maiden’s Tower in Baku;

– Ateshgah Fire Temple monument close to Baku City

– a unique monument of Azerbaijani art of the Mesolithic

Period [circa VIII-VII BC] in the form of rock drawings at


– Talish mountains, Palace of Sheki Khans at Sheki,

mountainous regions of Zagatala, Oguz, Guba;

– Gizilagach National Park and the mineral springs in Nakhchivan

 Major Media Organizations Newspapers

KHALG GAZETI [State owned]-Editor-in-Chief: Mr.Hasan


ZERKALO, Editor-in-Chief : Mr. Elchin SHYKHLINSKI



EL-Editor-in-Chief: Mr. Nadir Badalov



TV Channels

AZ TV-1 & 2 [State owned]-Head: Mr. Arif ALISHANOV

ANS TV [Private]-Head: Mr. Vahid MUSTAFAYEV

Space TV [Private]-Head: Mr. Vaqif MUSTAFAYEV

ATV [Private]-Head: Mr. Tagi IBRAHIMOV

LIDER TV [Private]-Head: Mr. Vugar QARADAGLI

Public TV-Head: Mr. Ismayil OMAROV

FOREIGN EXCHANGE REGULATIONS All visitors are required to declare on arrival foreign currency being carried in person. A visitor is permitted to take foreign currency out of the country without payment of tax, of a sum NOT more than the amount declared on arrival. Conversion from hard currency to local currency and vice versa is permissible at the numerous licensed exchange counters all around the country and also at all banks. The rates of exchange for buying and selling of all hard currency are fixed by the National Bank of Azerbaijan.
Brief History Azerbaijan was an independent state in ancient times but same under foreign domination in its more recent history. In 16th and 17th century, the Safavi dynasty of southern Azerbaijan came to the throne in |Persia and took over the Shirvan kingdom as well as Nakhichivan and Karabakh. Later in 16th and 17th centuries, the Ottomans and Russians fought for control of the area. In the 18th century, Russian influence over the area increased and with the collapse of the Safavid empire in the 18th century, Russia and Iran competed for influence in the region. Two wars later, in 1828, the treaty of Turkmanchay divided Azerbaijan between Persia and Russia. The Soviet phase of Azeri history, which began on 28 April, 1920, lasted till October 18, 1991, when Azerbaijan declared its independence from erstwhile USSR on October 18, 1991. The new constitution of the Republic of Azerbaijan was adopted on November, 1995.

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